Sea urchins Loxechinus albus were collected from an unfished population inhabiting inshore areas of the eastern part of the Falkland Islands. This chapter discusses the ecology of Loxechinus albus (L. albus) by focusing on the larval ecology, factors that determine spawning, habitat selection. The red sea urchin Loxechinus albus is distributed from Isla Lobos de Afuera in Peru to the southern tip of South America. Loxechinus albus is one of the most.

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Exploitation of this species represents one of the main sources of employment for the artisanal fisheries sector in the Magellan Region. Zagal and Consuelo Hermosilla C. Spawning period occurs later in the year as latitude increases: Primary spines short in adults, conical: It takes 8 years to reach harvestable size.

Print PDF Search species. Pedicelaries globiferous with a neck between stem and head, with large valves, variable number of lateral teeth, one-four per side. Numerous large periproctal plates. The specimens reach commercial size after 8 years. It is a herbivore and seems to feed on whatever species of alga grow nearby. The globiferous pedicellariae have a neck between the stem and head, large valves and several lateral teeth.


Landings of about 27 tons were recorded between January and December Loxechinus albus is an echinoderm of the family Parechinidaenative to coastal southern South America, ranging from Ecuador, along the entire alhus of Peru and Chile, to Argentina, as well as the Falkland Islands.

By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. Marine Ecology Progress Series. Retrieved from ” https: Scientific Name with Original Description.

Feeding behavior and morphological adaptations in two sympatric sea urchin species in central Chile. Mean sizes increased from June to November and decreased from December to June.

This species feeds both at day and night mostly on drifting algal pieces captured with the aboral pedia. Echinoidea at the southerly peripheries of their species range, Falkland Islands South Atlantic “. This page was last edited on 12 Octoberat In the Northern Hemisphere, some urchin species have large population swings and may create “barren ground” around them.

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Test diameters of urchins harvested monthly were measured for a total of specimens, and 36 specimens were individually weighed; sex determination was carried out on 2 specimens. Regarding weight, urchins in the size range from Size frequency of males and females were polymodal, with the most relevant modes at mm in males, and at mm in the females. The highest values recorded for the utilized condition factor were: The main difficulty observed in this fishery was obtaining a sufficient supply of urchins with a yellow-gold colored gonadic material, which forms the basis for demand of this urchin by the international market.


Spawning occurred mainly between August and September, and ended by the end of October. All articles with dead external links Articles with dead external links from January Articles with permanently dead external links Articles with ‘species’ microformats.

Loxechinus albus – Wikipedia

Loxechinus albus Molina, Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations for a world without hunger. Field data indicate that the harvest was about 6.

About small fishing boats and 54 transport vessels carry the fresh product to 16 processing plants. In the Magellan Region of southern Chile 52 degrees 20’S – 55 degrees 30’Sthe edible urchin Zlbus albus is collected by artisanal fishermen, of whom are divers. Loxechinus albus Molina, Fisheries and Aquaculture Department.