participatory manage• ment models and the rules and norms established by the National System of Conservation Units (SNUC – Lei #, July 18, ). On July 18, , through Law , the Brazilian Government created the National System of Protected Areas (SNUC, in Portuguese), in order to establish a. 15 mar. Lei nº / – SNUC, a PROGE foi, em casos específicos, consultada sobre a legali- dade de retomada de mineração em Flona, tendo as.
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Thus, extractive reserves were created by the Executive Ordinance No.
Firstly, it is worth clarifying the difference between protected areas and conservation units. According to Drummond and Barros-Platiauthe Forest Code and the Wildlife Code were responsible for the future CU categories of full protection and sustainable use, since they envisioned protected areas that could not be used national, state and local parks and biological reserves as well as those where the direct use was allowed national forests and hunting parks.
Services on Demand Journal.
All other RVS have areas between 15, andhectares. The current major difficulty lies on the fact that the RVS problem, as well as the CU management problem in general, is not just about concept, it is a political issue.
However, the exception is limited to what is provided in the management plan – the management document based on the CU overall goals – which establishes the unit zoning as well as the natural resources management standards. Despite the concept change that may be occurring, the RVS management barriers remain, and they are often caused by the preservationist trend predominance even at higher ICMBio levels.
Revista de Direito e Liberdade. It is worth emphasizing that this concept did not exist at the time conservation units were being discussed and created; the term used at that time was protected areas.
Also according to Medeirosthe Republican Constitution attributes to natural resources the status of national heritage to be preserved, and it definitely includes the management of protected areas in the Brazilian political agenda.
Silva classifies the CU categories in three groups according to the land ownership origin and control. Faced with the difficulties in managing CUs of a very complex, unknown and rare category, environmental analysts assigned to federal RVS started, ina movement to discuss the standards and guidelines for the management of this category.
This lack of debate and regulation may also be seen in the plurality of opinions formed by the environmental analysts directly involved in the daily Wildlife Refuge management. However, it does not incur in land expropriation as long as the activities conducted within the property are in compliance with the goals of the protected area.
In this case, the only land use option would be ecotourism, which can be considered as being of indirect use. Protected areas are thus defined by some legal mechanism. Three of the four other statements obtained by Pureza about the RVS concept explicitly relate the category function to wildlife protection. Whenever the owner does not give consent to the coexistence between the Wildlife Refuge and the use of the property, the land will be expropriated on behalf of the effective public interest.
This link is consistent with the statements by the key-informant interviewed during the development of current research.
On the other hand, Derani cited by Medeiros, Irving and Garaypoints out that the Full Protection Units should not be subjected to urbanization or to agriculture. In addition, one of the opinions reflects the impression by the manager that the category was chosen as a strategy for the government to escape from the burden of expropriation.
The authors point to a “mixed” environmentalism composed of a plural environmentalist view or to the perspective of a developing environmentalism, and they cogitate the existence of a moderate preservationism or a real change of concept. They seem contradictory, exclusive to each other.
The bibliographic and documentary surveys allowed investigating the possible origin and the inspiration to define the category as well as its reflection in reality, based on the analysis of the existing federal RVS creation goals. The managers responded between May and August However, Brazil only ratified the Biodiversity Convention in The current study is a call for reflection and it does not intend to exhaust the debates and implementations that are essential to understand the role played by the Wildlife Refuge Conservation Unit category in Brazil.
The first stage of the Brazilian National Conservation Unit System Plan proves that inspiration, since the plan states that the goal of the Wildlife Sanctuary or Refuge is to ensure the survival of species or populations of migratory or resident fauna, endemic and unique biotopes, with regional, national or global significance. In addition, production restrictions should be thoroughly explained to the affected population. The management of conservation units is not on the agenda, and it probably never was.
There are no guarantees that this is the right way, but there is not always necessarily only one way. The current study sought to demonstrate that the Cartesian formations and concepts inherent to the contemporary society tend not to allow one to see the possibility of coexistence between the goal of natural resources full protection and the presence of productive human activities.
Menezes and Siena discussed the distribution of environmentalist ii trends preservationism, socio-environmentalism and sustainism in the ICMBio technical framework in the Legal Amazon.
Thus, preservationism and conservationism began to share space.
Parques | Unidades de Conservação
It is worth highlighting that the bill made clear that the Executive Power could limit or prohibit activities in conflict with the RVS creation purposes; however, such an item was deleted in Feldmann’s clean bill and it did not appear in SNUC. Como elaborar projetos de pesquisa. This variety of categories would also represent the environmental diversity presented by a mega-diverse country of continental proportions such as Brazil.
These practices invariably reduce the increasing gain expectations of the owners.