Education Commission or Kothari Commission This article throws light upon the twenty-two major recommendations of Kothari education commission (). The recommendations are: 1. Education and. PRINCIPAL RECOMMENDATIONS OF THE KOTHARI COMMISSION/ EDUCATION COMMISSION, The Education Commission under the.

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The most urgent reform needed in education is to transform it, to endeavour to relate it to the life, needs and aspirations of the people and thereby to make it a powerful tool of social, economic and cultural transformation necessary for realisation of our national goals.

For effective supervision and standardization of school buildings, the commission stressed on the formation of educational buildings development groups. Science and mathematics should be taught on a compulsory basis to all pupils as a part of kthari education during the first ten years of schooling.

Kothari Commission – Wikipedia

The commission made the following recommendations for strengthening social and national integration through education. It also recommended the establishment of guidance and counselling centres and a new approach in the evaluation of student performances. In such a situation one of the main functions of education is to keep pace with this advancement of knowledge.

Frequent changes of textbooks should be avoided and their prices should be low enough for students of ordinary means to buy them. The commission, under the chairmanship of D. The commission consisted of 17 members.


The commission said that pre-primary education is of great significance to the physical, emotional and intellectual development of children, especially those with unsatisfactory home background.

Two languages one modern Indian language and one classical or foreign language Any three subjects from a one additional language, b History c Economics d Logic e geography f psychology g sociology h art i physics j chemistry k mathematics l biology m geology n home science Art Physical education Work experience Moral studies. Commisskon must be a comprehensive programme of internship instead of block teaching. Panandikar Roger Revelle K.

The commission included 7 Indian members and 5 others; 1 each from Japan, France, U.

Secondary Education Commission The commission emphasised that necessary efforts should be taken to raise the economic social and professional status of teachers and to feed back talented youth into the profession Therefore, there is the urgent need of reform to upgrade the scale of pay of teachers. In view of the explosion of knowledge in various fields, school curriculum should be upgraded through research in curriculum development undertaken by university department of Education, Training Colleges, State Institutes of Education and Boards of School Education.

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For the promotion, trained graduate teachers having outstanding work should be promote to the next posts carrying salaries of teachers with post graduate qualification. Classes XI 196466 XII should provide for specialised studies in different kohari at the higher secondary stage. Three year special courses for the first degree which begin at the end of the first year of the present 3 year degree courses should be mothari in selected subjects and in selected institutions.

In order to remove the gulf between the educated and uneducated or between the intelligentsia and masses, some form of social and national service should be made obligatory for all students at all stages of education. Therefore, a common school system of public education should be introduced in a phased manner spread over twenty years.

Development of a scientific mind and outlook, tolerance, concern for public interest and public commissioon, self -discipline, self reliance, initiative and a positive attitude to work.

Help Center Find new research papers in: Kothari iv 29th June; v 19, four. Education and National Objectives, 2.

Kothari Commission

For this purpose, education should be developed as to increase productivity, achieve social and national integration, accelerate the pace of modernisation and to strive to build character by cultivating social, moral and spiritual values. Special emphasis should be placed on the development of education for agriculture and industry. Broad Areas of curricular studies at secondary stage as recommended by the Kothari commission are meant for two stages: Board of Higher Secondary Education.

The Indian members were K.

The Commission was appointed under provision of a resolution of the Government of India, dated 14th July, Task Force on Science Education The mandate of the group was to focus on the science education excluding medical education and consisted of D. Reorganization of the University: The following are the recommendations of the commission for achieving unity and solidarity of the nation: The study of English should be promoted right from the school stage. In order to link education and productivity the Indian Education Commission made the following recommendations.


National Council of Educational Research and Training. Thus new ideas will be developed in society and narrow ideas will disappear. This can become an instrument to build character, improve discipline, inculcate a faith in the dignity of manual labour and to develop a social responsibility.

Revision of curricula should be based on such research; 3. One language regional Mathematical studies Environmental studies Creative studies Health studies Work experience. A lower secondary stage of 3 or 2 years of general education or 1 to 3 years of vocational education. It will make the entry of youth into the world of work and employment easier by enabling them to adjust themselves to it. The ultimate objective should be to introduce adequate guidance services in all secondary schools with a trained counselor in charge of the programme.


Considering the key role which education, science and research play in developing the material and human resources of the country, the Government of India will, in addition to undertaking programs in the Central sector, assist the State Governments for the development of programs of national importance where coordinated action on the part of the States and the Centre is called for.

The commission realised that the provision of school buildings is extremely unsatisfactory at present and felt that kpthari is necessary to take steps to clear the backlog of unconstructed school buildings as well as to provide additional buildings for new involvement.

For the cultivation of excellence, it is kotharj that talent in diverse fields should be identified at as early an age as possible, and every stimulus and opportunity given for its full development.