Captain John Smith (–) Admiral of New England was an English soldier, sailor, and author. He is remembered for his role in. Smith as Unreliable Narrator in The General History of Virginia While John Smith did many things for the. In chapter 1, book 3 of The Generall Historie of Virginia, New-England, and the Summer Isles, published in , Captain John Smith describes.

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But when evill men shall iniuries beginne; Not caring to corrupt and violate The iudgements-seats for their owne Lucr’s sake Then looke that Country cannot long haue peace, Though for the present it haue rest and ease. Gone from thence in search of Virginiathe company was not a og discomforted, seeing the Marriners had 3 dayes passed their reckoning and found no land, so that Captaine Ratliffe Captaine of the Pinnace rather desired to beare vp the helme to returne for Englandthen make further search.

For every master you have yet sent can find the way as well as he, so that a hundred pounds might be spared, which is more than we have all that helps to pay him wages.

And at a little Isle called Monicawe tooke from the bushes with our hands, neare two hogshheads full of Birds in three or foure houres. To express all our quarrels, treacheries, and encounters amongst those savages I should be too tedious. Captain Newport, being dispatched with the trials of pitch, tar, glass, frankincense, soap-ashes, [along] with that clapboard and wainscot that could be provided, met with Master Scrivener viginia point Comfort, and so returned for England.

And thus we began our first acquaintance.

John Lewes, a Cooper. These brawls are so disgustful, as some will say, they were better forgotten, yet all men of good judgment will conclude it were better their baseness should off manifest to the world than the business bear the scorn and share of their excused disorders.

And hard by it runneth a fair brook of crystal-like water where they wash away the dross and keep the remainder, which they put in little bags and sell it all over the country to paint their bodies, faces, or idols, which makes them look like blackamoors dusted over with silver.

That, indeed, he allowed equally to be distributed, and that was half a pint of wheat, and as much barley boiled with water for a man a day.

The Generall Historie of Virginia, New-England, and the Summer Isles – Wikipedia

But if you rightly consider what an infinite toil it is in Russia and Swethland [Sweden] where the woods are proper for naught else, and though there be the help both of man and beast in those ancient commonwealths, which many a hundred years have used it; yet thousands of those poor people can scarce get necessaries to live but from hand to mouth. But being ashore and thus armed, they persuaded us to go forward, but we oof neither persuade them into their canoe nor into our boat.

More than a hundred arrows stuck in our targets and about the boat. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Finding their aptness to believe, we failed not as a great secret to tell them anything that might affright them, what spoil we had got and made of the Massawomekes. We watered at the Canaries, we traded with the Salvages at Dominica; three weekes we spent in refreshing our selues amongst these west-India Isles; in Gwardalupa we found a bath so hot, as in it we boyled Porck as well as over the fire.

But [he found] plenty of corn in the river of Chickahominy, where hundreds of savages in diverse places stood with baskets expecting his coming. With this lodging and diet, our extreme toil in bearing and planting Pallisadoes so strained and bruised us, and our continual labor in the extremity of the heat had so weakened us, as were cause sufficient to have made us as miserable in our native country or any other place in the world.


Here we found mighty rocks growing in some places above the ground as high as the shrubby trees and diverse other solid quarries of diverse tinctures; and diverse places where the waters had fallen from high mountains they had left a tinctured spangled scurf that made many bare places seem as gilded. Our captain sporting himself by nailing them to the ground with his sword set us all a fishing in that manner.

But their orders for government were put in a box, not to be opened, nor the governours knowne vntill they arrived in Virginia. Regain, therefore, your old spirits, for return I will not if God please till I have seen the Massawomekes [and] found Potomac or the head of this water you conceit to be endless.

For which we called the island Stingray Isle after the name of the fish. But it chanced our captain taking a fish from his sword not knowing her condition hisotrie much of the fashion of a thornback but a long tail like a riding rod, whereon the middest is a most poisoned sting of two or three inches long, bearded like a saw on each side, which she struck into the wrist of his arm near an inch and a half. Early in the morning four savages came to us in their canoe, whom we used with such courtesy.

All these things were carried so pleasantly as within a week they became pf making it genrall delight to hear dmith trees thunder as they fell.

Their corn being that year but bad, they complained extremely of their own wants, yet freighted our boats with a hundred bushels of corn and in like manner Lieutenant Percy’s that not long after arrived. At last on the western shore we saw large cornfields; in the midst [of the river] a little isle, and in it was an abundance of corn. No sooner were we landed but the President dispersed so many as were able, some for glass, others for tar, pitch, and soap-ashes, leaving them with the fort to the Council’s oversight.

Having finished this discovery though our victual was near spent he intended to see his imprisonment-acquaintances upon the river of Rappahannock, by many called Tappahannock. Yet although he were but twentie myles from his habitation the time we were in the Downes and notwithstanding the stormy weather, nor the scandalous imputations of some few, little better then Atheists, of the greatest ranke amongst vs suggested against him, all this could never force from him so much as a seeming desire to leaue the busines, but preferred the service of God, in so good a voyage, before virginja affection to contest with his godlesse foes, whose disasterous designes could they haue prevailed.

I fear to the hazard of us all, which now is generally confessed when it is too late. But God the guider of all good actions, forcing them by an extreame storme to hull all night, did driue them by snith providence to their desired Port, beyond all their expectations, for never any of them had seene that coast. Virgijia for the two ships’ loading of corn Newport promised to provide us from Powhatan, he brought us but four teen bushels, and from the Monacans nothing, but the most of the men sick and near jhn.

Wherein to express all the dangers, accidents, and encounters this small number passed in that small barge, by the scale of proportion about three thousand miles with such watery diet in those great waters and barbarous countries till then to any Christian utterly unknown I rather their merit kohn the censure of the courteous and experienced reader than I would be tedious or partial, being a party. They much extolled a great nation called Massawomekes, in search of whom we returned by Limbo.


You generlal say but I have shared with you in the worst which is past; ihstorie for what is to come of lodging, diet, or whatsoever I am contented og allot the worst part to myself.

Richard Dole, a Blacksmith. Soon, the term Virginia came to refer only to that part of North America historoe by the London Company’s original charters. Smith, perceiving notwithstanding their late misery not any regarded but from hand to mouth the company being well recoveredcaused the pinnace to be provided with things fitting to get provision for the year following.

By this let no man think that the President and these gentlemen spent jogn times as common wood-haggers at felling of trees or such like labors; or that they were pressed to it as hirelings or common slaves. If he and Archer return again, they are sufficient to keep us always in factions.

The Accidents that happened in the Discovery of the Bay of Chesapeake. These are the causes that have kept us in Virginia from laying such a foundation that ere this might have given much better content and satisfaction, but as profitable returns.

With the procedings of those severall colonies and the accidents that befell them in all historei journyes and discoveries. From May to September those hitorie escaped lived upon sturgeon and sea crabs.

Transcription from Original

This done, seeing the savages’ superfluity begin to decrease with some of the workmen shipped himself in the shallop to search the country for trade. He told us of a strange accident lately happened him, and it was: For the idle letter sent to my Lord of Salisbury by the President [Ratcliffe] and his confederates for dividing the country, etc.: Being but six or seven in company, he went down the river to Kecoughtan, where at first they scorned him, as a famished man, and would in derision offer him a handful of corn, a piece of bread for their swords and muskets, and such like proportions also for their apparel.

They spake the language of Powhatan, wherein they made such descriptions of the Bay, isles, and rivers that often did us exceeding pleasure.

Two or three days we expected [experienced] wind and weather whose adverse extremities added such discouragement that three or four fell sick, whose pitiful complaints caused us to return, leaving the Bay some nine miles broad at nine and ten fathom water. This king was the comeliest, proper, civil savage we encountered. Some idle exceptions being muttered against Captain Smith for not discovering the head of Chickahominy River and [being] taxed by the Council to be too slow in so worthy an attempt, the next voyage [in December] he proceeded so far that with much labor by cutting trees in sunder he made his passage, but when his barge could pass no farther, he left her in a broad bay out of danger of shot, commanding none should go ashore till his return.

But our President would never have been admitted, for engrossing to his private [use] oatmeal, sack, oil, aquavitae, beef, eggs, or what not, but the [common] kettle.

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