Arthrogryposis multiplex congenita (AMC), or simply arthrogryposis, describes congenital joint contracture in two or more areas of the body. It derives its name. Artrogripose Múltipla Congénita associada a alterações – intraorais abordagem Arthrogryposis Multiplex Congenita (AMC) is a rare congenital disorder,1. Arthrogryposis multiplex congenita neurogenic type (AMCN) refers to the development of multiple joint contractures affecting two or more areas of the body prior.

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Mental development is normal. Orthognathic surgery for management of arthrogryposis multiplex congenita: Only comments seeking to improve the artrogripoze and accuracy of information on the Orphanet website are accepted.

Arthrogryposis | Radiology Reference Article |

Figure 1 Figure 1. Surgical intervention may also improve joint mobility and function.

Myasthenia gravis of the mother leads also in rare cases to arthrogryposis. Are you a health professional able to prescribe or dispense drugs? The documents contained in this web site are presented for information purposes only. Int Pediatr, 15pp. The analysis stressed a thin hypertonic upper lip and a low smile line TMJ clinical examination by palpation, auscultation and mandibular kinetics evaluation discarded clinical signs of temporomandibular disorder.

Thank you for updating your details. Arthrogryposis multiplex congenita-whistling face syndrome is an extremely rare type of arthrogryposis multiplex congenita characterized by the combination of multiple joint contractures with movement limitation, microstomia with a whistling appearance of the mouth that may cause feeding, swallowing, and speech difficulties, a distinctive expressionless facies, severe developmental delay, central and autonomous nervous system dysfunction excessive salivation, temperature instability, myoclonic epileptic fits, bradycardiaoccasionally Pierre-Robin sequence, and lethality generally occurring during the first months of life.


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There are a few syndromes like the Freeman-Sheldon and Gordon syndrome, which have craniofacial involvement. Specialised Social Services Eurordis directory. All articles with dead external links Articles with dead external links from October Articles with permanently dead external links Webarchive template wayback links CS1 maint: It is important to notice the absence of movement, essential for joints and periarticular tissues development, leads to an increase of connective tissue around the immobilized joint with rippling of the skin covering the joint, muscle atrophy and changes in the joint surface depending on the position of the immobilization.

Health care resources for this disease Expert centres Diagnostic tests 18 Patient organisations 35 Orphan drug s 0. The material is in no way intended to replace professional medical care by a qualified specialist and should not be used as a basis for diagnosis or treatment. Disease definition Lethal congenital contracture syndrome type 1 is a rare, genetic arthrogryposis syndrome characterized by total fetal akinesia detectable since the 13th week of gestation accompanied by hydrops, micrognathia, pulmonary hypoplasia, pterygia and multiple joint contractures usually flexion contractures in the elbows and extension in the kneesleading invariably to death before the 32nd week of gestation.

Genu valgum Genu varum Genu recurvatum Discoid meniscus Congenital patellar dislocation Congenital knee dislocation.


Arthrogryposis Multiplex Congenita AMC is a rare congenital disorder, 1 affecting 1 in 2—4 to 1 in 12, 5 newborns. NeonatalAntenatal ICD Genetic counseling Transmission is autosomal recessive. The underlying aetiology and pathogenesis of congenital contractures, particularly arthrogryposis and the mechanism of the mutations remains an active area of investigation, because identifying these factors could help to develop treatment and congenital finding of arthrogryposis.

Arthrogryposis is a rare condition. Clinical description Features include osteoporosis and bone fragility, progressive joint contractures sometimes associated with pterygia, wormian bones, scoliosis due to vertebral deformities and short stature. There are a number of passive devices for enhancing limb movement, intended to be worn to aid movement and encourage muscular development.


Additional information Further information on this disease Classification s 3 Gene s 1 Disability Clinical signs and symptoms Other website s 0. Since arthrogryposis includes conegnita different types, the treatment varies between patients depending on the symptoms.

In conclusion, a multidisciplinary approach is essential to solve this type of cases, covering areas such as genetics, oral surgery, orthodontics, implantology and esthetic dentistry. The authors have obtained the written informed consent of the patients or subjects mentioned in the article.

Arthrogryposis multiplex congenita is a clinical or imaging descriptor that denotes congenital non-progressive joint contractures involving two or more body regions.

Diagnostic records A panoramic X-ray, B periapical radiographs, C cephalometric radiography, D ricketts cephalometric tracing. Intraoral photographic status A upper occlusal, B lower occlusal, C right side, D front side, E left side.